Taking sustainability seriously
Dr Prachee Javadekar & Dr Sonal Bhat explain how Krishnapatnam goes above and beyond
India’s seaports are more than just gateways to the outside world. Surrounded by the Indian Ocean to the south, the Arabian Sea to the southwest and the Bay of Bengal to the south-east, India’s vast coastline, which is dotted with 13 major ports and 187 private ports, is now a hub of strategic business activities and forms a vital link to the rapidly expanding global trade.
And with the increase in maritime trade across the globe offering new opportunities, the new and powerful Krishnapatnam Port has put the East Coast of India in the spotlight.
Within a short span of time, the historic Krishnapatnam port has metamorphosed itself into a state-of-the-art port, setting new benchmarks and redefining the maritime landscape of the country.
A greenfield port, spread across 6,800 acres, Krishnapatnam boasts excellent infrastructure and offers special facilities and expertise in cargo handling and distribution. The port has been handling capesize vehicles since 2009 and continuously strives to handle ever-larger vessels allowing it to offer favourable economies of scale to its clients.
Recognising its responsibility as a national asset, contributing not only to the economy but also envisioning a large role for itself in community development, it is committed to sustainable and inclusive growth; managing director Chinta Sasidhar has consciously extended his commitment and passion to nature and the environment.
The four Rs
Environmental, health and safety activities at the port have always played a pivotal role among its operations which has helped the company gain recognition as a green and safe port. These programs encourage continuous improvement in environmental protection by following best management practices through the four Rs: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, and Recover.
For energy management, Krishnapatnam Port has adopted solar lights and water heaters; energy-saving LED mast lights; wind energy production; and the provision of shore power supply for dredgers.
As part of its sustainable strategy, Krishnapatnam Port has electrified its railway line network from all storage yards, within the port. This has led to a 24,935-tonne reduction in CO2, reduced diesel consumption of railway engines and greenhouse gas emissions. Currently the port is in the process of electrifying all its cranes to further reduce diesel consumption and is moving towards solar and wind energy to reduce fossil fuel usage.
Krishnapatnam Port has also embraced new technology like atomisers, which cover 16 times more area and consume 42% less water compared to water throw guns. These atomisers and sprinklers help to settle dusty cargo and avoid contamination and cargo loss. It has also reduced water reduction by converting maximum wet roads to dry roads and sweeping with root sweeping machines, resulting in savings of 60,000 litres per day. Guard ponds installed at all yards has further helped to reuse water collected in the ponds after wetting the yards. As much as 300,000 litres of domestic sewage is treated and recycled for green belt development and 400,000 litres of truck wash-water is treated and recycled for dust suppression.
The port also utilises rainwater harvesting ponds with a total catchment area of about 526,000 square metres. These harvest and recharge ground water totalling about 154,000 tonnes/year.
Solid waste management is achieved through a food indent system which has resulted in a 50.4% reduction of food waste. Different coloured dustbins are supplied to segregate the bio-degradable and non-biodegradable waste and solid waste is disposed to recyclers and is also used as manure. Sweep dust generated from cargoes is again deposited back into dry cargoes and waste from vessels is also disposed of in a similar manner.
Beyond efficient operational and economic considerations, the focused drive of Krishnapatnam Port has led to sustainable and inclusive growth for the port and its adjoining region.
Krishnapatnam Port is today regarded as a national asset and it strongly believes that its contribution is not only towards the economic growth of the country but also in improving the standard of living of society at large. It therefore strives to be a change agent in protecting the environment through sustainable practices which go well beyond the statutory requirements.
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